Lewis Evans began
his exploration and mapmaking career in the 1730's, and at the
end of the decade came an important map from Benjamin Eastburn
used by the Penns in their squabble with Lord Baltimore.
RECENS EDITA TOTIUS NOVA BELGII IN AMERICA
SEPTENTRIONALI FITI, DELINEATO CURA ET FUMTIBUS MATTHAEI
SEUTTERI, CHALCOGRAPHI AUGUFTANI, by Matthaus Seutter as
the title says (McCorkle #730.5). This is a very colorful
map full of fancy engravings and is Suetter's version of
the Jansson-Visscher map. It is reproduced in Van Erman
dated circa 1728, in
Portinaro & Knirsch dated
Chapter 8 in Tooley where the various versions of this
map are discussed. Several states are also listed at
, Issue 15. It was
published for almost 100 years by the succession of Dutch
cartographers Jansson - Visscher - Seutter - Lotter. A
1656 version can be seen at New
York State Historical Maps
and a 1685 version at MAGIC:
Map and Geographic Information Center
. A later version was
put out by Seutter's son-in-law Tobius Lotter around 1760.
Image from the Heritage Map Museum CD by permission.
ACCURATA DELINEATIO CELEBERRIMAE REGIONIS LUDOVICIANAE
VEL GALLICE LOUISIANE OL. CANADAE ET FLORIDAE
ADPELLATIONE IN SEPTEMTRIONALI AMERICA..., a map which
appears in several Matthaus Seutter atlases (McCorkle #730.3),
and is based upon the de Fer 1718 map. A Spanish map with
this same title was seen dated 1698. This map can be seen at the Darlington Library dated circa 1734.
CARTE DU CANADA OU DE LA
NOUVELLE FRANCE ET DES DECOUVERTES QUI Y ONT ETE FAITES...,
by Guillaume del'Isle (McCorkle #730.1). A reissue of the
1703 map (McCorkle #703.5).
A MAP OF NEW ENGLAND, NEW YORK,
NEW JERSEY AND PENSILVANIA BY H. MOLL GEOGRAPHER. NOTE:
THE TOWNS TO WHICH MISSIONARIES ARE SENT ARE MARKED THUS
+ 1730. (McCorkle #730.2) Egle reproduces a portion of this map which
is shown here. It is from An historical account of
the incorporated Society for the Propagation of the
Gospel in Foreign Parts: Containing their foundation,
proceedings, and the success of their missionaries in the
British colonies, to the year 1728, by David
Humphreys, printed by Joseph Downing, London 1730. Its
purpose was to show the location of missions, given by
the little buildings with crosses on top. This is the
third version of Moll's original 1708 map. The complete map can be seen at Darlington Library.
DRAUGHT OF A TRACT OF LAND PETITIONED FOR BY SIR WM KEITH
AND OTHERS, a manuscript map in the Public Record Office
reproduced in Swift(2001) and dated 1731. It shows the
Great Lakes region including Pennsylvania. The English
had little knowledge of these parts and the map shows it.
Nothing is named except a vast area under Lake Michigan
called 'Georgia or The Tract'. William Keith was a
governor of Pennsylvania under the Penn proprietorship. A facsimile of this map can be seen at the Darlington Library.
PENNSYLVANIAE AT CAESEREAE NOV. OCCIDEBT SEU WEST NIERSEY
IN AMERICA, by Jonas Silfverlong Sculp. Up (Upsala?).
This map is listed in Mathews, page 280, under this date
who says a copy is held by the Historical Society of
Pennsylvania. It was apparently published in Sweden. The
map appears in a publication by Tobias Biorck titled
Dissertatio Gradualis, de
Plantatione Ecclesiae suecanae in America..., one of
the earliest accounts of New Sweden. It is Map #231S5 in
the Maryland State Archives.
& Pennsylvania) This map of Pennsylvania, Maryland,
and Delaware was prepared by John Senex, and shows the
boundary settlement agreed to by the Penns and Lord
Baltimore in 1732. However this did not end the dispute,
which came with the Mason-Dixon survey. The map is
reproduced in Schwartz (2000) and Pritchard &
Taliaferro #23 dated 1732 and is probably the map listed
on page 671 of Phillips dated 1733. Mathews says there
are several versions of this map, a plain wood cut, a
colored wood cut, a copper plate print, and manuscript
copies. The woodcut version was made in 1733 by Benjamin
Franklin on a commission from the Penns; five hundred
copies were printed and it is sometimes claimed this was
the first map printed south of New York. The map is
reproduced in the Pennsylvania Archives Second Series,
Volume 16, which contains the Breviate in the
Pennsylvania-Maryland boundary dispute, and that image is
shown here. The Maryland State Archives has several
versions of this map; and a version can also be seen at the Darlington Library.
HOUSE SQUARE (later Independence Square) Philadelphia.
This manuscript map was found
listed as #15 in the map
archives of the American
in the papers of Benjamin
Franklin, who is thought to have made it as
appears on the verso. A couple of land survey maps not
listed here are also in Franklin's papers.
A very famous map titled AMERICA SEPTENTRIONALIS. A MAP
OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN AMERICA WITH THE FRENCH AND
SPANISH SETTLEMENTS ADJACENT THERETO, by Hen. Popple was
published in 1733 (McCorkle #733.1,2). It was the first
large scale printed map of North America and portions of
it are reproduced in many map histories. It may be
seen at the Hargrett
Library Rare Map Collection - Colonial America
. There is a one sheet
continental location map at the front of Popple's atlas
and then 20 sheets of regional maps. The location map
includes the Caribbean and so is beyond consideration
here. The Pennsylvania region is shown on Sheet 6 which
includes New York south to Virginia and west to Michigan.
This sheet is reproduced in Stephenson & McKee, also
in Pritchard & Taliaferro #24. There were subsequent
editions, especially of the index map, i.e McCorkle #775.10.
The Rochambeau map collection in the Library of Congress
contains a manuscript map, Rochambeau #35, which appears
to be a copy of Popple's Sheet 6; the LOC date of 1708?
is almost certainly wrong.
CHART OF THE SEA COASTS OF NEW NEDER LAND, VIRGINIA, NEW-ENGLAND,
AND PENN-SILVANIA. WITH THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, FROM
BASTON TO CABO KERRIK, by Gerard van Keulan (McCorkle #734.1).
This map is a reissue of Doncker's 1688 map that has the
inset of Holme's map of Philadelphia. This issue was
modified to include an inset of Boston harbor. Sellers
& van Ee (#768) list a copy appearing as late as 1782
in a Dutch atlas. Reproduced in M. P. Snyder, Figure 4.
ORIGINAL DRAFT OF THOMAS FREAME'S LAND IN PENN., an
anonymous manuscript map in the Library of Congress and
listed on page 671 of Phillips. There are likely many
manuscript surveyor maps from this era which have never
been mentioned anywhere.
CARTE DE LA LOUISIANE ET DU
COURS DU MISSISSIPI..., from Jean Frederic Bernard's
Recueil de Voiages au Nord, Amsterdam 1734;
the complete work was published from 1725 to 1738. This
map is a reduced version of Guillaume Delisle's (or
de L'Isle) famous map of the same title published in 1718;
the coverage extends east only to Lake Erie and it has no
inset. Only the western strip of Pennsylvania is included
with no detail, the point of the map being to show the
Mississippi region. This map can be seen at the Darlington Library dated circa 1737.
Tooley (Chapter 1) describes some varients of the 1718
map, but not this one.
NEW ENGLAND, NEW YORK, NEW
JERSEY and PENSILVANIA, by H. Moll Geographer. This
version of Moll's map appeared in the Atlas Minor
published by George Grierson, Dublin 1735. It also
appeared in Modern History... by Thomas Salmon
published in 1739, and can be seen at MapForum.Com
, Issue 15.
1735.2 A MAP OF
VIRGINIA ACCORDING TO CAPTAIN IHON SMITHS MAP PUBLISHED
ANNO 1606 ALSO OF THE AJACENT COUNTRY CALLED BY THE DUTCH
NIEW NEDERLAND ANNO 1630, by John Senex, published in A
Short Account of the first settlement of the province of
Virginia, Maryland, New-York, New-Jersey, and
Pennsylvania, by the English..., by Fayrer Hall,
London 1735. Listed on page 980 of Phillips, and the
Library of Congress copy is shown here. A copy can also be seen at the Darlington Library.
This map shows
southeastern Pennsylvania with little detail. Chesapeake
and Delaware Bay are the focus of the map.
A MAP OF THE BRITTISH PLANTATIONS ON THE CONTINENT OF
AMERICA. Stephens fecit. According to McCorkle (#736.1)
this map first appeared in Volume 28 of Thomas Salmon's Modern
History, published in 1736. The image shown here is
from Volume 31 published in 1738 and is identical to the
earlier map. Volume 31 also contains a chapter titled The
Present State of Pensylvania. Salmon's history was
published in many volumes from circa 1725-38. The map
shows the eastern United States from Newfoundland to
Florida and west to the Mississippi. Pennsylvania is
shown extending to the 43rd parallel. Longitude west from
London, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 200 miles. Size: 14
x 12 inches.
A MAP OF THAT PART OF BUCKS COUNTY. Although unattributed,
this map was apparently originally drawn by Lewis Evans.
It depicts the infamous 'Walking Purchase' of 1737. The
colony purchased land from the Indians, the northern
boundary determined by walking a day and a half in a
northwest direction from a point in the head line of the
purchase of 1682, a point near Wright's Town, and then by
a right line to the Delaware River. The Indians thought
they were selling the strip of land along the Delaware up
to the confluence with the Lehigh River (called West
Branch of Delaware on the map), which was about a day and
a half walk. Prior to the 'real' walk, the Penns blazed
and cleared a trail unbeknowst to the Indians and hired 3
sturdy men, Edward Marshall, James Yates, and Solomon
Jennings. The men ran for a day and a half ( with rest
stops) and one of them covered 86 miles. A right line
from that point to the Delaware encompassed an enormous
amount of land as the river falls away to the northeast.
The Indians were cheated and they knew it. This image is
from a facsimile of the map in Godcharles which is
somewhat clearer than the faint reproduction of the
original manuscript map appearing in Gipson. The original
Walking Purchase document can be seen online at PHMC The Walking Purchase. A second manuscript map of the Walking Purchase was recently (2011) uncovered. It is very similar to this one, but apparently by a different hand, possibly Benjamin Eastburn, and is now in the Colonial Williamsburg collections.
1737.2 LE COURS
DU FLEUVE MISSISIPI, SELON LES RELATIONS LES PLUS
MODERNES. A AMSTERDAM CHEZ J. F. BERNARD 1737. This map (McCorkle
#737.1, who for some reason attributes the map to d'Annville)
shows the eastern United States and Southern Canada from
Hudson's Bay. New Jersey is identified as Pennsylvania on
this small scale map and Philadelphia is named. This map
is a later version of Hennepin's map (see #1697.2) It
appeared in Histoire des Yncas - Rois du Perou with L'Histoire
de la Conquete de la Floride with Nouvelle Découverte
d'un Très Grand Pays, situé dans l'Amerique,
a set of volumes with accounts of America written by
Hennepin and Garcilaso de la Vega, and published in
Amsterdam, and/or possibly Paris, in 1737. De la Vega's
mother was an Inca; he lived during the latter 16th
century and is one of the most important early Spanish
writers on America. Two older maps were included, this
one and a version of Delisle's 1718 map (see #1718.1)
CARTE DE LA LOUISIANE ET DU
COURS DU MISSISSIPI
. This image is from the Library
NEW UND EXACTE CARTE VON SOUD
& NORD CAROLINA, VIRGINIA, MARY LAND UND PENSILPHANIA.
1736. This map, signed E. Moseley, was published in Neu-gefundenes
Eden, oder Ausführlicher Bericht von Sud- und Nord
Carolina, Pensilphania, Mary Land & Virginia,
Zurich 1737. It is listed in the collections of the
1737.4 PLAN OF
PHILADELPHIA, Benjamin Eastburn, 1737. A manuscript map
of Philadelphia from the Delaware to the Schuylkill River
and from Vine Street to Cedar Street, in the Pennsylvania
CARTE DU CANADA DEDIEE A SON ALTESSE SERENISSIME
MONSEIGNEUR E.J.G. DE BIRON DUC DE COURLANDE E SEMIGALLE
&C. PAR SON TRES HUMBLE & TRES OBEISSANT
SERVITEUR CL. LE BEAU. This map (McCorkle #738.1) shows
the east from Newfoundland to Georgia and the Great Lakes.
Pennsylvania is not named, nor is much else. The map
appears in Avantures du Sr. C. Le Beau, and a
dotted line shows his travels. German versions of this
map appeared in 1752.
A MAP OF PART OF THE PROVINCE OF PENNSYLVANIA AND OF THE
COUNTIES OF NEWCASTLE, KENT, AND SUSSEX ON DELAWARE:
SHOWING THE TEMPORARY LIMITS OF THE JURISDICTION OF
PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND, FIXED ACCORDING TO AN ORDER OF
HIS MAJESTY IN COUNCIL DATED THE 25TH DAY OF MAY IN THE
YEAR 1738. SURVEYED IN THE YEAR 1739. This map is by
Benjamin Eastburn and was used by the Penns in the
Maryland boundary dispute. It was made to show the
various surveys and land claims made up to that time.
Only the center section with the title is shown here,
from a 1909 reproduction by the state, see Mathews.
Eastburn made at least one other version c1740, see
Phillips, page 672. A manuscript map by Eastburn is in
the William L. Clements Library named 'A Map of the
Counties of Newcastle Kent and Sussex upon the Delaware'.
Its conjectured date is 1737 and it was apparently made
as a draft of this map since the Delaware counties were
part of Pennsylvania at the time. It is very important
for Delaware history but does not show any of present day
Pennsylvania, see Munroe & Dann. The manuscript
version of this map is held at the Pennsylvania Archives
and is reproduced on the cover (and page 78) of Shirk (see