MAP OF THE COUNTRY ON THE OHIO AND MUSKINGUM RIVERS,
SHEWING THE SITUATION OF THE INDIAN TOWNS WITH RESPECT TO
THE ARMY UNDER THE COMMAND OF COLONEL BOUQUET, by Thos.
Hutchins Asst. Engineer. There are two maps on one page,
the second is titled: A TOPOGRAPHICAL PLAN OF THAT PART
OF THE INDIAN COUNTRY THROUGH WHICH THE ARMY UNDER THE
COMMAND OF COLONEL BOUQUET MARCHED IN THE YEAR 1764. This
map was published in An Historical Account of the
Expedition Against the Ohio Indians.... by William
Smith, William Bradford, Philadelphia 1765, (London 1766)
along with several other maps illustrating the expedition
of Henry Bouquet and his battle against the Indians at
Bushy Run near Pittsburgh. It shows routes of march and
rivers and is reproduced in Brown #45.
The image here is from Jeffrey's
A general topography of North America and the West
Indies published in 1768, from the Library
of Congress, and differs somewhat from the page in Smith
which can be seen in Schwartz (1994).
It depicts the region
from the Allegheny Front west to the Sioto River in Ohio.
The routes of march of Braddock, Forbes, and Bouquet are
shown, which were the major military expeditions into
western Pennsylvania by the British in the 1750's and 60's.
On the bottom is an enlargement of Bouquet's route. There
is a large manuscript version of this map in the Clements
Library prepared by Bernard Ratzer from Hutchins, Guthorn
PLAN OF THE BATTLE NEAR BUSHY-RUN gained by His Majesty's
troops, commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet over the
Delaware, Shawanese, Mingoes, Wyandots, Mohikons, Miamies
& Ottawas, on the 5th and 6th: of August, 1763. From
an actual survey by Thos: Hutchins Assistant Engineer.
This topographical map also appeared in Smith's Historical
Account... ; which also included a layout of the
plan of battle. Both are illustrated in Schwartz (1994).
The image here is from Jeffrey's A General
in the Library of Congress.<
Wheat & Brun #424.
PLAN OF THE INDIAN COUNTRY THROUGH WHICH THE TROOPS
MARCHD IN 1764 UNDER THE COMMAND OF COL. HENRY BOUQUET.
Copy'd from ye. original by Lt. Ratzer. The original
referred to is the map above, 1765.1, and this is a
manuscript map of about half of the bottom map. It is
illustrated in Brown #39, and the original is in the
William Clements Library.
MAP OF THE BRITISH DOMINIONS IN NORTH AMERICA AS SETTLED
BY THE LATE TREATY OF PEACE 1763. I. Ridge scu. This map
by John Ridge appeared in The Modern Gazetteer
by Richard Brooks published in Dublin 1765 (McCorkle #765.2).
It is similar to the 1758 map by Ridge (1758.7) but with
the title changed and other modifications reflecting the
terms of the Paris treaty ending the French & Indian
War. There is also an inset of southern Florida added.
This map also appeared in Dublin editions of Charlevoix's
Voyages..., 1766. It shows the eastern United
States and southern Canada from Newfoundland to Florida
and beyond the Mississippi. Pennsylvania extends north to
43 degrees with an irregular western boundary the mirror
image of the eastern. Philadelphia and Fort Duquesne are
named, along with Logstown and Venango. Longitude west
from London, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 175 miles. Size:
11 x 15 inches.
LOUISIANA, AS FORMERLY CLAIMED BY FRANCE, NOW CONTAINING
PART OF BRITISH AMERICA TO THE EAST & SPANISH AMERICA
TO THE WEST OF THE MISSISSIPPI. From the best authorities
by T. Kitchin, geogr. This map is from the London
Magazine of June, 1765. It covers the area from Lake
Michigan to the Gulf and Chesapeake Bay to beyond the
Mississippi. Seller & van Ee #724
Pennsylvania) An untitled manuscript map of uncertain
date believed to be a preliminary draft for William Scull's
1770 map, as it seems to date after Nicholas Scull's 1759
map. On the verso is written "W. Bowen Engraver
Charter House Lane." Dated circa 1765 in Simonetti #349.
MAP OF THE COUNTRY FROM THE WESTERN LAKES TO THE EAFTERN
PARTS OF THE CENTER COLONIES OF NORTH AMERICA. This map
is illustrated in Swift (2001) and shows the northeast
from Lake Michigan to the coast. It is notable for the
hachures giving the mountains a three-dimensional look.
The map appears to be a manuscript and is attributed by
Swift to William Brasier, with copies by John Chamberlain
and Thomas Smart.
Rocque's Plans) Before he died in 1762 John Rocque
prepared A Set of Plans and Forts in America. Reduced
from Actual Surveys. This work provided the plans of
all the frontier forts Rocque could lay hands on. The
plans for Fort Bedford and Fort Pitt are illustrated in
Schwartz (1994); Fort Ligonier was also included and is
the image shown here. The other forts were in New York
and Canada. After Rocque's death, his wife Mary Ann
published the work in 1765 in London. This work is on
line at A
Set of Plans and Forts in America, 1765
In 1896 the state government
published Report of the Commission to Locate the
Sites of the Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania, a large
and detailed two volume work. Rocque also made a large two sheet map of North America which can
be seen at Darlington Library
1766.1 A NEW
& ACCURATE MAP OF NORTH AMERICA, INCLUDING THE
BRITISH ACQUISITIONS GAIN'D BY THE LATE WAR, 1763, from
John Entick's The General History of the Late War,
vol. I, 3d ed., London, 1766 (McCorkle #766.2). The 'late
war' is the French & Indian War. The map shows the
eastern United States with a cutoff Florida and southern
Canada, like others from this era. Pennsylvania extends
to the 43rd parallel and its western boundary matches the
eastern. "Pitsburg" is named along with "Buffler
T." and Venango on the Allegheny. Numerous Indian
tribes and forts are identified. Blank verso, longitude
west from Greenwich. Scale: 1 inch = 265 miles. Size: 7.75
x 9 inches.
1766.2 A NEW AND
ACCURATE MAP OF THE BRITISH DOMINIONS IN AMERICA,
according to the Treaty of 1763; divided into the several
provinces and jurisdictions. Projected upon the best
authorities and astronomical observations. By Thos.
Kitchin geographer. Printed for Andw. Millar opposite
Katherine Street in the Strand. The dating of this map of
the eastern United States is uncertain, McCorkle (#766.1)
dates it 1766, Sellers & van Ee (#104) date it 1763.
It appeared in several publications in the 1760s as given
by McCorkle. Pennsylvania has a northern boundary at
about 42d 30m and an irregular western boundary that is
the mirror image of the eastern. This image is from the
Library of Congress.
1766.3 A PLAN OF
THE RIVER OHIO FROM FORT PITT TO THE MISSISSIPPI, by
order of ye Chief Engineer; Tho: Hutchins assist.
draughtsman. This is a large and long (72 x 34 inches)
colored manuscript strip map based on a 1766 trip under
Captain Harry Gordon, the Chief Engineer referred to. The
original is in the Clements Library, Guthorn (1972) #65-7.
ENGLAND NEW YORK NEW JERSEY AND PENNSILVANIA.This map of
the northeast from Maine to Maryland was published in A
New Geographical and Historical Grammar ... by
Thomas Salmon, Edinburgh: James Meuros, 1767 (McCorkle #767.2).
Pennsylvania is shown with no detail to just beyond the
Susquehanna River, which is marked 'P. of the Iroquots'.
This appears to be a later version of the Moll 1708 map
which was published by Moll as late as 1736. It has a
small drawing of ships in the lower right corner and
offshore shoal lines are prominently marked. Shoal areas
were of especial interest to fishermen. Longitude west
from London. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 50 miles. Size:
8 x 10 inches.
North America) This untitled French map of small scale
showing eastern North America appeared in Geographie
Moderne by Jean Baptiste Louis Clouet, published in
Paris, 1767. The colonies and a few towns, including
Philadelphia, are named. The purpose of the map was
simply to delineate French from British territory. It is
untitled presumably because it is surrounded by text,
McCorkle #767.1. The coverage extends from Greenland to
Florida and west to beyond the Mississippi. Just a
section including Pennsylvania is shown here, the state
and Philadelphia are named. The Geographie Moderne was published up to 1793 with many of the same maps. Longitude east from Ferro,
blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 190 miles. Size: Sheet - 17
x 23 inches; map - 12.5 x 13.5 inches.
CANTONMENT OF HIS MAJESTY'S FORCES IN N. AMERICA
according to the disposition now made & to be
compleated as soon as practicable taken from the general
distribution dated at New York 29th. March 1766. With the
alterations to summer 1767 done in yellow. By Dan
Paterson, asst. qr. mr. genl. This is a manuscript map of
eastern North America with no detail except what is
described in the title. It is illustrated in Sellers
& van Ee #118 and in Brown #46 and is in the Library
of Congress. An earlier manuscript version dated 1765
also exists and is shown here.
ISLAND, July 4, 1767. A map of the island on which the
first Swedish settlement in Pennsylvania occurred.
AND DIXON'S SURVEY - 1768. This is possibly the most
famous map in Pennsylvania history, the record of the
survey by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon that
established the 'Mason - Dixon Line'. The original
printing was in two separate maps: 1) A PLAN OF THE
BOUNDARY LINES between the Province of Maryland and the
Three Lower Counties on Delaware with Part of The
Parallel of Latitude which is the boundary between the
Provinces of Maryland and Pennsylvania. 2) A PLAN OF THE
WEST LINE or Parallel of Latitude, which is the Boundary
between the Provinces of Maryland and Pensylvania. J.
Smither sculpt. This image is from a reproduction of the
original published in 1887 by the Pennsylvania Secretary
of Internal Affairs in a report that contained maps of
all the state boundaries. Only a portion of this large
map (76 x 27 inches, scale: 1" = 4 miles) is shown
here, the southeast corner of the state on the south
by a circle drawn at twelve miles distance from New
Castle, northward and westward unto the beginning of the
fortieth degree of northern latitude, and then by a
straight line westward, as the Pennsylvania charter
says. Of course the fortieth parallel was not used, Mason
& Dixon ran the (approximate) latitude of 39 degrees
43 minutes, 20 seconds. The map shows the small triangle
of land extending southward between Maryland and the
Delaware circle. This was known as the 'Delaware Wedge';
it ran south about 3 miles and contained about 800 acres.
It was claimed by both Delaware and Pennsylvania until
1921 when it was conceded to Delaware. When examining
maps of Pennsylvania, it is interesting to see what the
mapmaker did with this little triangle, that is, whether
he gave it to Pennsylvania, Maryland, or Delaware. As
surveyors, Mason & Dixon kept a detailed journal of
their work with the result that many books have been
written about the survey, see Cummings for example. There
were two original manuscript maps of the survey which,
for some reason, were left in the private possession of
Benjamin Chew who was appointed commissioner by the Penns
and later became attorney general and chief justice. One
showing the Maryland-Delaware line and the 12 mile circle
is now in Princeton University Library. The second,
showing the straight line west, got into the private
market and in 2002 sold at auction for over half a
million dollars. The printed versions of the original
maps are illustrated in Papenfuse & Coale.
A MAP OF THAT PART OF
AMERICA WHERE A DEGREE OF LATITUDE WAS MEASURED FOR THE
ROYAL SOCIETY BY CHA: MASON & JERE: DIXON. Before
Mason & Dixon began their boundary survey, they
determined the length of a degree of latitude and wrote
an article titled "Introduction to the following
Observations, made by Messieurs Charles Mason &
Jeremiah Dixon, for determining the Length of a Degree of
Latitude, in the Provinces of Maryland and Pennsylvania,
in North America," published in The
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
1768. The article was accompanied by a map (about 7
x 4 inches) of the Chesapeake and Delaware Bay region
including southeastern Pennsylvania. The same map
appeared in the November, 1769, issue of Gentleman's
NEW AND ACCURATE MAP OF NORTH AMERICA, drawn from the
famous Mr. D'Anville with improvements from the best
English maps; and engraved by R. W. Seale; also the new
divisions according to the late Treaty of Peace. by Peter
Bell geor. 1768. Printed for Carington Bowles, Map &
printseller, No. 69 in St. Pauls Church Yard. London. All
of the many maps showing eastern North America from
Newfoundland to Florida and west to the Mississippi
derive their layout from the 1755 maps of John Mitchell
and D'Anville; at least this one supplies a credit. Bell
has Pennsylvania extending north past Lake Erie with
peculiar boundaries. Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia
extend to the Mississippi. The plate went through various
changes as discussed by McCorkle #768.1, 771.1, 795.1, also
Sellers & van Ee #119, 745. This image is from the
Library of Congress.
THE PROVINCES OF NEW YORK, AND NEW JERSEY; WITH PART OF
PENSILVANIA, AND THE GOVERNMENTS OF TROIS RIVIERS, AND
MONTREAL; Drawn by Capt. Holland. Engraved by Thomas
Jefferys, geographer to His Majesty. Printed for Robt.
Sayer in Fleet Street, and T. Jefferys in the Strand.
This large and well known map contains only a portion of
eastern Pennsylvania, though the state is shown as
extending north to the 43rd parallel. The dating is
uncertain, McCorkle (#768.3, 775.6, 776.13) dates it 1768
with subsequent versions following Sellers & van Ee (#1039-40,
1042-43, 1045-46), who give some of the history behind it;
also in Phillips page 674, 676 dated 1768, 1776. The
counties in Pennsylvania are named including Northampton,
which by inference includes an enormous amount of
territory to the 43rd parallel. In the 1770s, the map was
updated by Governor Thomas Pownall of New York and this
image is the 1776 version from the Library of Congress. Copies of both the
1768 and 1776 versions can be seen at the Darlington Library.
MAP OF THE FRONTIERS OF THE NORTHERN COLONIES WITH THE
BOUNDARY LINE ESTABLISHED BETWEEN THEM AND THE INDIANS AT
THE TREATY HELD BY S. WILL JOHNSON AT FT. STANWIX IN NOVR.
1768, corrected and improved from Evans map by Guy
Johnson, Dep. Agt. of Ind. Affairs. This image is from A
Documentary History of the State of New York Vol. I,
by E. B. O'Callaghan, Albany 1849. It is listed in
Phillips page 582, and discussed by Schwartz &
Ehrenberg who say Johnson's original maps were destroyed
in a fire at Albany and only the copies from O'Callaghan's
history remain. However, Swift (2001) reproduces a copy of
this map from the Public Record Office in London which
appears to be an original, as does Hayes (Map 130). Hayes
(Map 129) also reproduces an untitled manuscript map of
the eastern United States, also in the PRO archives and
also dated 1768, which shows a different boundary line, see map 1768.9 below.
Fite & Freeman reproduce another map from O'Callaghan
and include some discussion of this one. The map extends
from New York to northern Virginia and there is an inset
map of the remaining part of the Ohio River. This treaty
with the Indians occurred following their defeat at the
Battle of Bushy Run and was an attempt to establish a
definitive line between what belonged to the Indians and
the white man. The treaty had no real meaning as settlers
were already across the line in New York and Pennsylvania.
The boundary line is traced in red and follows the course
of the Ohio river north to Pittsburgh, the Allegheny
north to Kittanning, the Purchase Line east to the west
branch of the Susquehanna River at Cherry Tree, thence
across the east branch to the Delaware River and north to
Ft. Stanwix (present day Rome, New York). The Indians
were to have the lands to the west and the settlers the
lands to the east. The map has little detail, but locates
settlements and towns, marshes, highlands, mountains and
rivers. Only the portion encompassing Pennsylvania is
shown here. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 35 miles. Size:
11 x 17 inches.
PLAN OF THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA. Engraved & publish'd...
by T. Jeffreys. A map that appeared in Jeffreys' General
Topography, London 1768. This map includes the
famous view "An East Prospect of the City Of
Philadelphia..." by Scull & Heap. See map 1753.4.
Sellers & van Ee #1310
Orme Maps) Captain Robert Orme was General Braddock's
aide-de-camp, and he prepared a series of sketches and
maps circa 1755, which were eventually engraved and
published in Thomas
Jeffrey's A General Topography of North America and
the West Indies, London 1768. One was a map of the
route of march which had previously appeared in a London
magazine, see map 1759.2. Others were sketches of the
army dispositions during march; and one was A PLAN OF THE
FIELD OF BATTLE AND DISPOSITION OF THE TROOPS, as they
were on the March at the Time of the Attack on the 9th of
July 1755, which depicted the battle near Fort Duquesne.
Six of these maps are reproduced in Schwartz (1994). The
battle map from Jeffreys in the Library of Congress is
shown here. Jeffreys' work is online at the Library of
Congress: A General
where all of the Orme maps from Braddock's campaign can
be seen. The original manuscripts of Orme's maps are in
the British Library and the Library of Congress has
photocopies, see Docktor
A MAP OF NORTH AMERICA FROM THE
LATEST SURVEYS AND MAPS BY JOHN BLAIR LLD & F.R.S. as
a supplement to His Tables of Chronology. Another map of
the east coast to the Mississippi. This map is from The
Chronology and History of the World by John Blair,
London 1768, 1788. McCorkle #768.2. Image from Heritage
Map Museum CD by permission.
(Eastern United States) This manuscript map is reproduced in Hayes (Map 129) and is now in the British National Archives (Public Record Office). The copy shown here is a mid-19th century facsimile, probably from O'Callaghan. At bottom is "Copied from the original annexed to the report and representation of the Board of Trade, dated 7 March 1768." The map shows the eastern United States from Maine to Florida and west to the Mississippi. It appears to show the 1768 purchase line boundaries. Blank verso, longitude west from London. Scale: 1 inch = 85 miles. Size: 22 x 18.5 inches (this copy).
NIEUWE KAART VAN KANADA DE
LANDEN AAN DE HUDSONS-BAAY EN DE NOORDWESTELYKE DEELEN
VAN NOORD-AMERIKA. Te Amsterdam By Isaac Tirion. 1769.
This map is from Hedendaagsch historie of tegenwordige
staat van Amerika, a Dutch edition of Thomas Salmon.
It also appeared in Tirion' s Nieuwe en Beknopte Hand-Atlas.
The map is a copy of Jefferys' important map of Canada
and the Great Lakes region (1760.1). Inset of the Gulf of
St. Lawrence. The map extends south to 40 degrees and
Philadelphia is shown just above the neat line. The
western part of the map is shown here. McCorkle #769.2.
Originally folded, blank verso, longitude west from Ferro.
Scale: 1 inch = 130 miles. Size: 12 x 17 inches.
A PLAN OF THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, WITH THE COUNTRY ADJACENT. J. Gibson Scu: VOL.V. P.20. This map appeared in volume 5 of The World Displayed or a Curious Collection of Voyages and Travels..., London, T. Newberry & F. Carnan. This work was apparently published in 20 volumes and several editions from circa 1760-90. Phillips, page 698, dates the map to the third edition and 1769 and that dating is used here although it may have appeared in earlier or later editions. The map is an early small plan of the city and region showing roads and some houses. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch ~ 1 mile. Size: 2.5 x 4.5 inches.
COPIED FROM A MAP OF DOCTOR WALKERS LAID BEFORE THE
ASSEMBLY. This is a manuscript map in the Library of
Congress known as the "Walker-Washington Map."
It was apparently drawn by George Washington based on
surveys done by Doctor Walker. It shows the region west
of the Alleghenies and south of Lake Erie, which Virginia
considered its territory at the time. All of western
Pennsylvania is included and the course of the Allegheny-Ohio
River is prominent. It is illustrated in Schwartz &
1769.4 DRAUGHT OF
THE WEST BRANCH OF SUSQUEHANNA, TAKEN FROM CAPT.
PATTERSON. 1 April 1769.
This manuscript map was found
under #45 in the map archives of the American
attributed to Joseph Shippen,
Jr. It is one of five maps in the Society collections
attributed to Shippen while serving under Colonel Joseph
Burd during the French & Indian War. It was
apparently copied from an earlier map.
(Lycoming County) An untitled manuscript survey map of
Montour's Reserve along the West Branch of the
Susquehanna at Loyalsock Creek held in the Pennsylvania
Archives and reproduced on page 82 in Shirk. There are
many manuscript survey maps like this surviving; this one
is especially notable because it is signed by William