The longitude of Greenwich
was selected as the Prime Meridian at an international conference
in 1884, however maps made in the United States continued to use
both Greenwich and Washington meridians for a few more years.
Most of the maps shown here have printed color.
Two new map publishers make
an appearance here. Founded as a printing company in Chicago by
William Rand in 1856, this small company became Rand, McNally in
1868, expanded into publishing in 1871, and published their first
railroad map in 1873. The company of Blanchard & Cram was
founded in 1867 and became the George F. Cram Company in 1869
with a move to Chicago. Both companies are still in existence,
though Rand McNally is much larger.
RAND, MCNALLY & CO'S COUNTY AND RAILROAD MAP OF
PENNSYLVANIA - 25 CENT SERIES, Rand, McNally & Co.,
Map Publishers and engravers, Chicago, Copyright 1880.
This is a pocket map in a 6 x 3.5 inch paperback folder
with the folded map attached to the back cover. The map
is printed in red and black on thin paper and shows rail
lines and many towns. On the inside front cover is an
explanation of the index and on the back cover is a list
of other maps available in the series. A fully indexed
map cost 50 cents. Most of the map is shown here.
Longitude west from Greenwich at top, from Washington at
bottom. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 17 miles. Size: 14 x
PENNSYLVANIA, by John Bartholomew & Co. Edin.
for J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. This map of
uncertain date was originally bound along the vertical
centerline, and is dated to the early 1880s by towns
shown and use of the Washington meridian. The famous
British map publisher Bartholomew died in 1893. The most
likely candidate for the source of this map is Zell's
descriptive hand atlas of the world published in
Philadelphia by T. E. Zell in1881. Blank verso. Scale: 1
inch = 28 miles. Size: 8.5 x 11 inches.
MAP OF THE NEW OIL FIELD, from page 538 of Harper's
Weekly, August 26, 1882. This small map is
interesting for two reasons. First, Harper's Weekly
was an American institution in the late 19th century.
Second, it shows the oil fields in northwestern
Pennsylvania and their date of drilling. The earliest is,
of course, Drake's well near Titusville. This map was
actually incidental to the purpose of the article, which
was to show some
of the oil field life drawn by
Theo. R. Davis, a prominent illustrator of the time.
Scale: 1 inch = 50 miles. Size: 5.5 x 4 inches.
GRAY'S NEW MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA, by Frank A. Gray,
copyright 1883 by O. W. Gray & Son. Frank was the son.
Pages 54, 55 from The National Atlas Containing
Elaborate Topographical Maps of the United States,
Special Edition for Pennsylvania, Stedman &
Brown, Publishers, Philadelphia; O. W. Gray & Son,
Geographical Establishment (LeGear L3609). This large and
beautiful map has hand color, townships are indicated by
color and name, and
views are shown here. Listed
on page 688 of Phillips. Longitude west from Greenwich at
bottom, from Washington at top. Blank verso. Scale: 1
inch = 17 miles. Size: 16 x 27 inches.
SKELETON GEOLOGICAL MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA - PLATE X, from County
Geological Maps, J. P. Lesley, State Geologist,
Julius Bien, Lith., Lane S. Hart, State Printer. The
atlas contains this map and 61 pages of county geological
maps dating between 1878 and 1884, and was another
printing on heavier paper of A Geological Hand Atlas
of the Sixty Seven Counties of Pennsylvania. Both
atlases were published in 1885 although the latest date
on the maps is 1884. Images from this atlas can be seen
Penn State. A short history of the Geological Survey is
given by Hoskins. Blank verso. Size: 9 x 12 inches.
MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA DRAWN AND ENGRAVED ON COPPER-PLATE
EXPRESSLY FOR JOHNSON'S CYCLOPAEDIA, from A. J. Johnson's
Universal Cyclopedia 1885. Johnson originally
worked for Colton and some history of him is given in
Ristow. He stopped publishing atlases in the 1880's and
turned to encyclopedias. This map is hand colored.
Longitude from Washington at bottom, west from Greenwich
at top. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 30 miles. Size 10.5
x 13 inches.
TUNISON'S PENNSYLVANIA, pages 54, 55 from a Tunison's
Atlas circa 1886, this map is undated but has 1880 census
data. It has the brilliant color characteristic of Henry
Tunison maps, though how he obtained it seems to be
something of a mystery. Rail lines are shown but not
roads. The verso has single page maps of North Carolina
and New Jersey. Longitude from Greenwich at bottom, from
Washington at top. Scale: 1 inch = 17 miles. Size: 13 x
PENNSYLVANIA, copyright 1887 by Wm. M. Bradley & Bro.,
Philadelphia. This map is Plate 42 from an atlas and hand
colored despite the date. It may come from An Atlas
of the Middle States, published by Bradley in 1887 (LeGear
L3615); or from Bradley's Atlas of the World for
Commercial and Library Reference, for which 1885 and
1889 editions have been seen. The east is shown here.
Longitude from Greenwich at top, from Washington at
bottom. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 14 miles. Size: 19 x
PENNSYLVANIA, published by Major, Knapp & Co., Park
Pl. N. Y. This image contains two very similar maps, both
measure about 2.25 x 3.5 inches and are on the back of a
small trading card. The top map is from a series of 48
issued by Duke's Cameo Cigarettes, W. Duke Sons & Co.,
Durham, N. C., and originally had a trifold to fit in the
pack. Text surrounds it with some state history and the
census date of 1880. This card series is one of the few
with state maps, others are the Arbuckle series of 1889
and 1915, and the Youth's Companion series of 1891. The
of the card has 3 panels
showing the State Seal, Governor Beaver, and Penn talking
to Indians. Beaver became governor in 1887, so the card
dates 1887-90. The bottom map is almost identical but
lacks the publisher name, is printed on stiffer paper,
and likely from a chewing or pipe tobacco pouch.
Longitude west from Greenwich. Scale: 1 inch = 95 miles.
PENNSYLVANIA, from Cram's Unrivaled Family Atlas of
the World, Indexed, 1889, edition revised to April 1,
1889, copyright 1887 by George F. Cram Company, Donohue
& Henneberry Printers, Chicago. Longitude from
Greenwich at top, from Washington at bottom. Blank verso.
Scale: 1 inch = 17 miles. Size: 13 x 20 inches.