The big change in maps
occurred in the 1880's and 1890's when maps with printed color
began to appear. Maps from the first decade of the 20th century
are similar to those from the last decade of the 19th century.
Several traveller's pocket maps are shown here, and it is
interesting that all of them show rail lines and none show roads.
Rand McNally and Cram were the dominant map publishers, however
the maps seen by the most people were probably the ones published
in geography books by Frye and others.
from Frye's Complete Geography - Pennsylvania Edition,
by A. E. Frye, published by Ginn & Co. This map is a
double page spread by E. Y. Farquhar, Del. and Bradley
& Poates, Engr's, N. Y., and is similar to maps used
in some other geography books. Only the western part of
the state is shown here. The textbook has 181 pages with
a 10 page Pennsylvania supplement and a 7 page supplement
on United States Territories. It contains 21 single page
maps, 3 double page maps, several black & white
relief maps, and many illustrations. Size: 12.5 x 20
1901 CRAM'S NEW
TOWNSHIP AND RAILROAD MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA COMPILED FROM
OFFICIAL SOURCES, by George F. Cram. There is a list of
rail lines coded by color and number at the top, but no
roads are shown on this traveller's map. Cram certainly 'crammed'
a lot of info into this map. The paper is pasted onto
linen cloth and folds into a 6 x 3.5 inch folder
with a brown
page containing an ad for the
Northwestern Railroad. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 11
miles. Size: 24 x 33 inches.
WESTERN PART, plate 73 from the 10th edition of Encyclopaedia
Britannica., by The Century Co., 1897 and 1902,
printed by Matthews - Northrup Works. The 10th edition of
the encyclopaedia was published 1902-03. This same map
was previously published in The Century Atlas of
1897. The individual counties are detailed and there is a
'Pittsburg' area inset at upper right. The companion map
of the EASTERN PART of the state has an inset of
Philadelphia. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 17 miles. Size:
11.5 x 16 inches.
by Dodd, Mead & Co., 1891 and 1903, and from an
unknown atlas, possibly a Collier's. The map shows rail
lines with county populations on the verso. Roads are not
shown in this pre-automobile map, railroads were much
more important. Scale:1 inch = 30 miles. Size 10 x 12
SCARBOROUGH'S MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA SHOWING ALL
COUNTIES, TOWNSHIPS, CITIES, BOROUGHS, VILLAGES, POST-OFFICES
AND RAILWAY STATIONS, published by the Scarborough
Company, Boston 1904. Rail lines, suburban electric lines,
and a few highways are shown. This large wall map, not
all of which is in the image, is made of oil cloth
material and has wooden rollers top and bottom. The verso
contains population for 1900 and a gazetteer keyed to a
grid around the map edge. The top also contains insets of
Philadelphia and Panama, of all places, plus a legend and
milage table. Scale: 1 inch = 6 miles. Size: 36 x 51
SERIES OF TRAVELLING MAPS - UNITED STATES N. E. DIVISION,
published by George Phillip & Son, London. This is an
English pocket travelling map that folds into a 6.75 x 4.75
inch hardback blue
. The paper is sectioned and
pasted onto linen cloth to resist repeated folding. The
map inside is titled THE UNITED STATES OF NORTH AMERICA (NORTHEASTERN
DIVISION), J. Bartholomew F.R.G.S. Only the Pennsylvania
region is shown here. There is an inset United States map
with Oklahoma marked Indian Territory, which would date
the map prior to 1907. Rail lines are shown but not roads,
so travelers were expected to use the train. Blank verso.
Scale: 1 inch = 50 miles. Size: 20 x 24 inches.
1906 THE RAND
MCNALLY VEST POCKET MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA SHOWING ALL
COUNTIES, CITIES, TOWNS, RAILWAYS, LAKES, RIVERS, ETC.,
by Rand McNally & Co. Chicago. Rail lines are shown
indexed by number, and there is a gazetteer on the verso.
No roads are shown. This traveller's map folds into a 5.5
x 3 inch paper
to which it is attached. It is
printed on cheap paper and is difficult to unfold without
tearing. Scale: 1 inch = 8.5 miles. Size: 27 x 39
page 51 from New Encyclopedic Atlas and Gazetteer,
Collier & Son, N. Y. The map is by Dodd, Mead &
Co., A. L. Poates Engr'g Co., N. Y. Rail lines and canals
are shown. Collier published an identical map in another
atlas except it was tinted yellow instead of pink. A map
of South Carolina is on the verso. Scale: 1 inch = 24
miles. Size: 11 x 16 inches.
1908 SOIL MAP,
RECONNOISSANCE SURVEY NORTHWESTERN PENNSYLVANIA SHEET,
Field Operations, Bureau of Soils 1908. U. S. Dept. of
Agriculture. A. B. Graham Co. Lith. Wash. DC. This map
only covers the northwestern part of the state as the
title indicates. The soil types are color coded, local
roads are shown, and the map is based on U. S. Geological
Survey maps. More detailed soil maps were prepared for
each individual county. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 4
miles. Size: 22 x 39 inches.
WESTERN SECTION, pages 73-76 from Rand - McNally
Indexed Atlas. A 1909 railroad map of Pennsylvania
published in a commercial transportation and shippers
atlas. The map has a numbered legend of railroads and the
railroads on the map are keyed to this legend,
approximately 120 are listed. The map shows topographical
features as well as railroad lines, roads are not shown.
An index of towns is on the verso. This map is similar to
the one shown for 1906, but in a different format.
Only a section centered on Indiana is shown here. There
is a companion EASTERN SECTION map. Scale: 1 inch = 8.5
miles. Size: 20.5 x 28 inches.